of diabetes deaths per 10,000 population
Rationale for use of indicator
Diabetes is one of the
most prevalent chronic conditions among Americans, and a major underlying cause
of death due to other conditions. Diabetes is responsible for a high proportion
of kidney failures, nontraumatic amputations and blindness in older adults. Babies
of diabetic mothers are at elevated risk for congenital malformations and death
during the perinatal period.
Cardiovascular disease is
the leading cause of death among people with diabetes.
cardiovascular disease by controlling high blood pressure, reducing cigarette
smoking, and reducing cholesterol levels could decrease cardiovascular disease,
and diabetes deaths, by more than one third.
Institute of Medicine. 1997. Improving
health in the community: A role for performance monitoring. Washington, D.C.:
National Academy Press. National Center for Health Statistics. Health status
indicators: Definitions and national data. Healthy People 2000 Statistical Notes
USDHHS. Healthy People 2000: national health promotion and disease
prevention objectives: full report, with commentary. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept.
of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; 1991. Report No.: DHHS publication
no. (PHS) 91-50212.