child abuse and neglect cases: number and rate per 10,000 children under age 18
Physical health status
for use of indicator
Child abuse and neglect is both a health problem and
an indicator of underlying social environmental problems.
abuse, poverty, and economic stress have been shown to contribute to child abuse
and neglect. The growing numbers of young persons with disabilities and pathological
family relationships also contribute to child abuse.
are a vulnerable population and their abuse and neglect requires immediate attention
in the form of a community response. The first level of intervention is through
having adequately staffed Child Protective Services to specifically intervene
in cases of physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect. The second level of intervention
should aim at correcting the underlying social problems, e.g. substance abuse.
Child abuse and neglect has also been shown to be underreported; it is a bigger
problem than the numbers might show it to be.
Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services: 1997 Legislative Data
Book [Online: http://www.tdprs.state.tx.us/]
Children at Risk. [Online: http://www.childrenatrisk.org/the_indicators.html
] July 1999.
Institute of Medicine. 1997. Improving health in the community:
A role for performance monitoring. Washington, D.C.:
National Academy Press.
National Center for Health Statistics. Health status indicators: Definitions and
national data. Healthy People 2000 Statistical Notes 1992;1(3):1-8.